The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) just released information on the Gaganyaan test flight set for Saturday, October 21, 2023, between 7 am to 9 am. in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh, indicating that it is preparing for a significant milestone in its ambitious Mission Gaganyaan. This mission is an important turning point in India’s effort to show that it is possible to send people into space.
Gaganyaan Test Flight
The Gaganyaan Test Flight project is to prove India’s capacity to send humans into a 400-kilometer orbit and bring them safely back to the planet with a historical splashdown in the Bay of Bengal. In order to prepare for the trip next year, the Gaganyaan test flight largely focuses on the evaluation of the crew module.
|Spacecraft name||Gangyaan Mission|
|Manufacturer||DRDO, HAL, ISRO|
|Gaganyan Mission 2023 Launch Date||21 October 2023|
|Place||Satish Dhawan Space Craft Center|
|Launch mass||8200 kg|
|Dry mass||3735 kg|
Gaganyaan will be sent into space, returned to Earth, and recovered following a landing in the Bay of Bengal during the Gaganyaan test mission. ISRO will use an unpressurized CM for this mission, which has successfully finished its integration and testing. In this mission, the CM is highly instrumented to record flight data to evaluate the efficacy of several technologies.
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Crew Module in Gaganyaan Mission
During the Gaganyaan mission, the passengers are housed in the Crew Module (CM), which is pressurized to resemble the atmosphere on Earth. The Gaganyaan mission’s CM is currently in various phases of development. The CM is an unpressurized version that has finished its integration and testing and is prepared to be transported to the launch facility for the Test Vehicle Abort mission-1.
This unpressurized CM variation must have the same mass and size as a genuine Gaganyaan CM. All of the mechanisms for accelerated and recovery are housed there. With its full supply of fireworks, recovery aids, and jumps.
Human rated LVM3 – HLVM3 for Gaganyaan
The launch vehicle for the Gaganyaan mission has been designated as the LVM3 rocket, an ISRO heavy-lift rocket that has a strong track record of dependability. There are three stages: solid, liquid, and cryogenic. The LVM3 launch vehicle’s systems have all been upgraded to comply with human rating standards, earning it the moniker Human Rated LVM3. The Orbital Module may be launched by HLVM3 to the desired 400 km Low Earth Orbit.
The Crew Escape System (CES) on the HLVM3 guarantees that the Crew Module and crew are transported to an appropriate location in the event of an incident at the launch site or while in the descent phase. The CES operates by a series of quick-acting, high-burn-rate solid motors ISRO Gaganyan test flight Mission 2023. The main goals of the Gaganyaan Mission are to advance science and technology and to inspire young people to look for careers in these fields.
- It is a human-related launch vehicle since it can accommodate three astronauts.
- Crew module and service module of a habitable orbital module.
- support system for life
- If there is a problem with the spacecraft, the crew can use the crew escape mechanism to return to Earth.
- Choosing the crew and their duties
Orbital Module of Gaganyaan
Crew Module (CM) and Service Module (SM) make up the orbital module (OM) that will be orbiting Earth. Modern avionics systems with sufficient redundancy for human safety are installed on OM. The crew’s space habitat, or CM, has an environment similar to Earth. A pressurized metal inner structure and an unpressurized exterior framework with a Thermal Protective System (TPS) make up its double-walled building design.
It features avionics, life support, crew connections, centered around people goods, and brake systems. In order to guarantee the crew’s safety throughout the crew’s descent and landing, it is also intended for re-entry. SM will be utilized to give CM the support it needs while in orbit. It is a pressurized but unpressurized structure that houses thermal, propulsion, power, avionics, and deployment mechanisms.