Traditionally, Chhoti Diwali, or Narak Chaturdashi 2023, is observed the day before Diwali. This year, it will occur on the same day, Sunday, November 12, 2023, owing to changes in the lunar calendar.
Narak Chaturdashi 2023
Naraka Chaturdashi, also called Chhoti Diwali, is almost approaching. Dhanteras, the formal start of the five-day Diwali holiday, is on November 10. One day before Deepawali, people celebrate Choti Diwali, the second day of the celebration.
Across the nation, the day is also referred to by several other names, including Roop Chaudas, Kali Chaudas, Narak Chaudas, and Naraka Nivaran Chaturdashi.
|Day 1||Dhanteras||November 10, Friday|
|Day 2||Naraka Chaturdasi (Choti Diwali)||November 12, Sunday|
|Day 3||Lakshmi puja (Diwali festival)||November 12, 2023 Sunday|
|Day 4||Govardhan Puja||November 14, Tuesday|
|Day 5||Bhai Dooj||November 15, Wednesday|
It is common for individuals, particularly ladies, to apply a specific herbal paste and take an oil bath in the morning to enhance their beauty. In the evening, lamps are lit as a sacrifice to the deity of death, Lord Yama.
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Chhoti Diwali 2023 Shubh Muhurat
Narak Chaturdashi, or Chhoti Diwali, is a holiday observed the day before Diwali. Owing to fluctuations in the lunar calendar, Narak Chaturdashi and Diwali will coincide this year on Sunday, November 12, 2023. Chaturdashi Tithi will start at 1:57 PM on November 11 and finish at 2:44 PM on November 12, according to Drik Panchang.
- Abhyang Snan Muhurat – Morning: 5:28 – 06:41 AM (November 12, 2023)
- Deepdan Timing – Evening: 5:29 – 8:07 Pm (Deepdan is performed during Pradosh Kaal)
Chhoti Diwali Puja Samagri & Rituals
People worship Hanuman, Maa Kali, Lord Krishna, and Yama on this day. It is believed that by worshiping them, one may make amends for transgressions and develop personally.
The gods and goddesses are served prasad, a concoction of rice flakes, sesame seeds, jaggery, ghee, and sugar, along with oil, flowers, coconuts, and sandalwood during puja Samagri.
Abhyang Snan is especially significant on this day since it is said to help people escape Narak Darshan.
As part of the Narak Chaturdashi ceremony, applying oil and an herbal paste to the body in the morning symbolizes purging impurities.
The tradition calls for applying Ubtan, a specifically made herbal paste.
In addition, individuals worship or observe Lord Vishnu and Lord Krishna, take baths before dawn, and utilize the leaves of the Chirchita plant.
It is thought that by adhering to these customs, one might purify their body and wash away their sins, increasing their beauty and lengthening their life.
It is common for individuals to anoint themselves with oil in the morning on this day, and for ladies to use a herbal paste to improve their appearance.
Yamaraj is the God of Death, worshiped by followers who recite mantras, take baths, and submerge black sesame seeds in water.
The history behind Roop Chaturdashi
It is said that Narak Chaturdashi celebrates the victory of good over evil.
According to Hindu mythology, Lord Krishna rescued over sixteen thousand Gopis on this day by defeating the demon Roop Chaturdashi.
Hindu scriptures state that once Lord Krishna freed the Gopis from Narakasura’s control, he recognized each of them as their husband.
People observe extraordinary rituals on the occasion of Chhoti Diwali or Roop Chaturdashi, which involves worshiping Lord Krishna and Bhudevi as Goddess Satyabhama.
2023 Abhyang Snan on Narak Chaturdashi
Diwali is a five-day festival that begins on Dhantrayodashi and ends on Bhaiya Dooj. During Diwali, Abhyang Snan is recommended on three days: Chaturdashi, Amavasya, and Pratipada.
The most important one is Abhyang Snan on Chaturdashi day, also called Narak Chaturdashi.
People who do Abhyang Snan on this day are said to be able to escape visiting Narak. During Abhyang Snan, Ubtan should be prepared using til (sesame) oil.
On Narak Chaturdashi, Abhyang Snan may fall on the same day as Lakshmi Puja in the English calendar.
Narak Chaturdashi and Lakshmi Puja happen on the same day when Chaturdashi Tithi prevails before dawn and Amavasya Tithi prevails after sunset.
Abhyang Snan is performed every time the moon rises, but before dawn, on Chaturdashi Tithi.
Significance Of Narak Chaturdashi
On this auspicious day, people worship Goddess Kali to rid their lives of bad energy and the influence of wicked spirits.
Worshiping Maa Kali on Narak Chaturdashi may help you drive off ghosts, evil spirits, and other negative energies from your home.
One may eliminate bad energies from their life by doing Puja at home. On this day, a lot of Hindus absolve themselves of their sins by performing Abhyanga Snan.
It is stated that those who conduct Abhyanga Snan on this day may escape having to travel to Narak.
On Narak Chaturdashi, people commemorate Lord Krishna and Satyabhama victory over the demon Narakasura.